Train the trainer

Train the Trainer report – Estonia – October 2018

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Train the Trainer

I believe that getting young people attracted to ham radio is quite a challenge in every single country. It is not that kids don’t like to experiment with new things, it’s just that Estonia overall is extremely IT oriented. It all started in late 90ies with government funded projects. The aim was to have special computer classes in every single school. That of course led to special computer classes that gave overall introduction to computers, software, programming etc. As it has been growing over the years it has been now adapted as mandatory class in every single school. So basically what we are creating is a lot of software developers from early ages. And this is something that kids actually like. Now the big question is how to take those enthusiasts and introduce them to ham radio?

What comes to licensing in Estonia it is quite simple and easy. We do have 3 different possible license classes from Rookie to Expert.  Rookie class requires an easy exam with basic questions about ham radio, radio waves etc. We do not have any age limit, so basically even a preschool kid can have a license. Of course at first everything will be supervised and making a first QSO is also taught by an elder. Those who like it, usually keep going and growing into it. But those who like IT technologies more, they just eventually stick to software developing.

At this very moment we have approximately 4 schools with possibility to experiment with ham radio. 2 of them in capital city Tallinn, 1 in Tartu and one in southern region. Not only making QSOs and pure contesting, they teach soldering, making receivers, antennas etc. So there is some sort of youth work going on, but it is the lack of children. If you can choose from creating phone apps or talking to old people over the radio, most would choose the first.

We also have an agreement with ES5TV (ES9C station), that whenever all youngsters are always welcome to use his station. We are participating in JOTA projects. We constantly invite them to major contest, also YOTA coordinated events such as ARI contest, which brings some foreign youngsters here. So long story short, we do have something, not everything. We have schools and superstations to use, we just don’t have children. And this is the biggest problem we face right now. Because licensing is easy, we have no age limit, we have stations from where we could work. We just don’t have ideas how to get more youngsters to join.


Train the Trainer report – Bulgaria – October 2018

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There were 2 unlicensed people on YOTA from bulgarian team, Angelika and Vanesa. Angelika and more 6 people went to the courses we did for ham radio and from 8 people 7 were licensed. Vanesa did harec examination on YOTA and got the best ham radio class in our country ! Angelika’s callsign is – LZ1ANQ, Vanesa’s callsign is – LZ1BR

We made QSL cards same like the posters and they were given to people in schools and universities.

( 2 in months )
We plan to make more advertisement projects which are completely free, like visiting schools and making presentation about ham radio on physics classes.

( 6-12 )
Our idea is to continue ham radio courses and keep them on every season ( that is the idea for now ). For example – Summer ( course starts 03.06 – 25.06 ends ) and like this every season, and courses will be matched will exams soon after they end.

Train the Trainer report – Hungary – October 2018

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Hungary Youth Activities

In the last 2 months since YOTA South Africa, we have primarily been working on the environment for successful youth license exams and we held preparing sessions in our society’s HQ.

There have already been ongoing discussions with the national authorities on more favourable conditions for beginners, as well as focusing on our society’s new leadership’s youth policies. We composed a 12-14 pages concise curriculum with a focus on operating skills and safety technics. It is fully coordinated with Media Authorities, therefore it could have been adopted as a full beginner license.

The new license consists of all HF bands, with at least 100 watts. It is also a recent achievement, adding adequate power levels to each license.

Most of the interested youngsters could not take the exams because of its difficulty yet, many have been rejected so it was a serious issue. Now, this October after a long weekend of preparations, on Monday 9 youngsters took the new beginner-level exam, 3 of them also sat a Morse Code exam. We expect this trend to continue.

Now we are putting together the team for the next December YOTA Month, activating 2 callsigns this year as well; HA6YOTA for experienced and HG0YOTA for supervised kids, with or without personal callsigns.

We are planning youth meetings during the winter holiday, at least 1 to operate together at a bigger station, possibly HG6N and improve the youngster’s skills. Members of this club have greatly contributed to youth activities, among some others.

There are some issues to care about yet, like keeping the youngsters active, and connected even if they live in rural areas all around in the country. December will be a good opportunity for this, as well as a possible countrywide or even regional YOTA camp. More work to come here, and we are finally reaching to a point, where we can see actual numbers.

73 de HA8RT

Train the Trainer report – Belgium – October 2018

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Since the 2018 YOTA Winter Camp in Johannesburg, South Africa, several initiatives have taken place in Belgium. We’d like to think this is because of the inspiration we gathered from hanging out with HAM’s our age and hearing each other’s ideas.

The greatest success story is that Ben ON6FBR and Ward ON8WR were received by the board of the national radio league of Belgium, the UBA (Royal Belgian Amateur Radio Union). We discussed what we did in South Africa and shared our ideas of what needed to be done to lift youth participation in Belgium to a higher level. Our words were well received, as the UBA responded that they are open to all ideas considering youth participation and will discuss all propositions in order provide funds to carry out these ideas.

During the R1 UHF and up contest, the OT5A team – operating as OT5A/P – involved HAM radio operators as young as 13 years old. Almost half the contest team was younger than 30 and was very active on the radio. This involvement showed that age doesn’t matter and may even be a benefit to the operations. Especially during buildup, the help of 20-year old HAMs is appreciated among the more “experienced” operators.

One of the more ambitious projects that have started is “De Shack”, a makerspace in Sint-Laureins in the west of Flanders, the Dutch speaking part of Belgium. This non-profit organization was formed by Tommy ON2TD with the aim to provide a workshop environment for all technology-curious people to come and work on their projects. There is a strong link with HAM radio, although this is not immediately obvious. As the project-building workshop at the YOTA camp showed, HAM radio is about so much more than just making QSO’s and contesting. “De Shack” tries to replicate this concept by organizing sessions teaching things such as making your own Bluetooth speaker, or a Halloween evening. There are frequent open sessions as well where you are welcome to drop in and work on your own projects. It is the hope of the organizing team that these youngsters will once find their way into HAM radio, and that it is wrong to bombardment them with radio technology from day one. It should be a gradual process, driven by a natural curiosity.

Meanwhile there are talks of organizing a camp next year for youngsters during the summer holiday at the Euro Space Center, linking the science and technology aspect of space and all its mysteries with HAM radio. A precise plan doesn’t exist yet, but it will certainly mimic aspects of the YOTA camp such as workshops to build things, site visits, cultural activities, combined with an on-site hotel and shared meals. It goes without saying that a 24/7 radio station will be available.

Belgium will also participate in the December YOTA month, the callsign ON4YOTA has been received and registration is open to have as many youngsters possible use the callsign. We’re certain this will again be a great success.

We also found out a new Telecommunication Law is being written in Belgium, that will make it easier to let people without a license operate a transceiver for events that aim to promote ham radio, and drop the age to get a callsign to 12 years (now you have to be 13 years old).

Our next big (youth) recruitment event that is coming up is FOSDEM. At FOSDEM, Kristoff ON1ARF, together with several Belgian radio clubs, puts up a portable HF station with next to it a 25m mobile antenna mast, and a lot of toys (SDR sticks, APRS beacon, satellite tracking equipment, …). FOSDEM (Free and Open-Source Developers European Meeting) is an event where over 5000 open-source software (and more and more also open-source hardware) developers from all over the world meet in real life. Last couple of years the interest in Software defined radio also got a big boost by GNUradio. Tons of people are using GNUradio every day to listen to all kind of transmissions and decode them, but a lot of them are not aware that as a ham they can transmit on a lot of bands as well. Most of them only know about CB-like operations on HF but don’t have a clue about the UHF / SHF bands we can use, about digimodes, APRS, digital voice on HF, satellites, ….

We always get a lot of very interested people over from all over the world, and try to direct them to a local ham radio club or to their national ham radio organization. Most visitors are over 18, but still a lot younger as the average HAM age.

Meanwhile Ben and Ward are involved in the organization of a hackercamp for families in Belgium and will continue to promote HAM radio directly to this audience with a portable shack, similar to the FOSDEM initiative of Kristoff. The next edition will take place in 2020.

This concludes our report of the YOTA activities in Belgium that have started since the 2018 YOTA camp in South Africa. We truly believe in a diverse approach, since there is a larger risk of failing and less outreach by organizing one single initiative. Thank you!

Train the Trainer report – Lithuania – October 2018

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  • On 14th of October, 2018 a on site competition called “Prof. A. Jurskio memorialas – 2018“
    organized by the Kaunas University of Technology radio club for youngsters of several age
    groups took place in Kaunas, testing youngsters knowledge, ability to assemble a kit, SWL
    contest, ARDF contest, VHF contest all in one event. Over 10 youngsters participated and
    competed against each other, winning prizes and gaining experience. One of the camp
    participants Linas LY5BT has assisted in organizing the event, building connections with the
    participants and organizers.
  •  Participant of YOTA 2018 Haroldas Lapinskas, who got his exam done in ZS was licenced in
    Lithuania as LY5IM. Haroldas is now actively working together with a local science-themed
    entertainment show “Mokslo sriuba” and Vilnius university radio club in order to launch their own
    amateur radio high-altitude balloon experiment.
  •  Barbora LY1KB, who attended YOTA camp in 2017 is actively working towards integrating the
    hobby into the Scouting community in Lithuania. She has made a cartoon educational video for
    scouts about our hobby. The video will also be released in English.
  •  Simas LY3EU has built a 2m APRS digipeater/iGate in his area to extend practically non-existent
    APRS coverage in Lithuania.
  •  A public presentation about YOTA 2018 was done at the Lithuanian Amateur radio society and
    streamed live on facebook.
  • – online Amateur Radio manual in Lithuanian and English is was
    opened for public, released by Domantas LY1JA



  1.  21st October 2018 – JOTA-JOTI Scouting event. 80m-10m HF station will be active;
  2. Release of educational cartoon about Amateur Radio.
  3.  Further work towards LY high altitude amateur radio balloon experiment.
  4. Youngsters only operation in CQWW SSB contest (station and participants not clear yet)


  1. Further improvements on Amateur Radio manual site to make it international guide to amateur
  2.  Lihuanian amateur radio society youth committee expansion, participation in amateur radio
    related activities.
  3. Design of memorable apparel and stickers to give exposure to amateur radio and the hobbyists
  4.  Connecting Lithuanian amateur clubs into one single network: having synchronised calendar of
    upcoming activities, creating a discussion thread online, hosting all-club summit.


Train the Trainer report – Northern Ireland – October 2018

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I participated in providing communications for a large triathlon in Northern Ireland in a town called Derrygonnelly. Over 400 people attended the event to take part, including some young people. As the participants ran, cycled and canoed their way along the course, they were met at each checkpoint by an amateur radio operator, who relayed the race leader and any other information back to the control base station which was then relayed to the event organiser. There were many questions asked about what we were doing, and how we were proving communications using our radios, some young people were at the event and had asked me what exactly I was doing so I explained the basics of amateur radio to them to help spread the word about the hobby to the youth. The British Red cross also participated in the event, which I explained in depth how amateur radio worked and all the different opportunities in the hobby, such as being sent away to South Africa for a summer camp to learn more about the hobby and how to promote it. I also wrote the RSGB daily blog posts as soon as I returned from South Africa, which took a lot of time as I was also trying to sort out my university options at the time, and pressure was on from both sides to meet deadlines. Nevertheless, both worked out well. These blog posts were recently adapted by Peter, to shorten them down to a format where they would be suitable for publication in our UK magazine, RADCOM. I was the lead author in the magazine article as the material was originally in the blog posts, just condensed down a little bit to meet page requirements. The magazine has been published and will be on the way to the doorsteps of RSGB members in both the UK and abroad. I also singlehandedly wrote a magazine article for IRTS, Irish Radio Transmitters Society, in which I outlined and told my adventure of travelling to South Africa, as well as spreading the word about all the activities we completed while we were over there. This article proved very successful and got a good response from the amateur radio operators in the Republic of Ireland.

In my radio calendar, I have an upcoming presentation which I will be delivering to one of the bigger clubs in Northern Ireland, Lough Erne Amateur Radio Club (LEARC) on my experience as part of the YOTA 2018 team for the UK, mainly representing Northern Ireland. This talk will be delivered shortly (9th November 2018) and I am preparing a PowerPoint Presentation full of pictures and information of our activities, but this is still in the design stages. I have also started my further education and hope to inspire others in my class to join amateur radio and make it more well known in Northern Ireland.

As well as my presentation to LEARC, I am also delivering a talk to the biggest radio club in Northern Ireland, Mid Ulster Amateur Radio Club (MUARC). This talk will take place in early February and will use the same PowerPoint presentation mentioned earlier, but with any additions I feel necessary and any improvements I feel I can make to my presentation to make it more fun and engaging. This radio club has a larger proportion of younger people in the audience, so it should be an excellent opportunity to inspire some of the younger people to get active in the hobby. I have also provisionally filled out a Registered Assessor Form, and I will consult my club to get a final opinion as to whether I should send the form to the RSGB, so I can then supervise and help with the practical assessments that the club runs occasionally and also teach the exam theory to new candidates who wish to get their radio license. This will hopefully come in useful in my education environment since I will be surrounded with young adults who are interested in electronics/engineering and are ideal candidates for wanting to learn more about the hobby and hopefully completing an exam to gain their license.

As mentioned previously, I am currently working on the PowerPoint presentation for my two talks, so it cannot be added to this document for release just yet.

The blog posts I wrote can be found at the following link, by scrolling down to the bottom and selecting which day you wish to read about.
You can keep up to date with my local club, LEARC, by using the following link. I have now been enrolled as a committee member in the club, and I am the youngest to take up this role in the club’s history. I am excited to share my ideas with the club, and hopefully let it grow and expand, picking up new younger members along the way.
I also manage this website, so check back regularly for updates. At the moment the main notice is my talk which will take place at the next monthly meeting.

Nathan Prentice
2018 UK YOTA Team Member

Train the Trainer report – Czech Republic – October 2018

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Youngsters HAM radio activities since YOTA 2018 and the plan for upcomming months


In August 2018 we held Summer Electro Camp.  It´s camp for kids from 10 to 16 years. This year there were 45 members with interest in electrical engineering.  They did kit soldering, some theory of electric and also some outdoor games. So the week holds the summer vibes and fun spirit. The youngsters could learn about amateur radio. During the camp, they activated a club station OK2KET – locator JN78XW. They pulled the HF dipoles at 80, 40 and 20 m. Transceived on Icom 756 pro III. Kids participated in QRP race and SSB league (Czech-Slovak radio amateur contest in the 3,7 MHz band).

Few weeks later, I met one participat, you can imagine how happy I was when he talked with me, about how he can get licenced.

More info and pictures at


Our Czech Yota Team had a presentation about Yota South Africa in Holice at the end of August. Holice are the biggest meeting of HAM/CB/electro enthusiast in the Czech Republic. As a promo of this event, we were directly approaching youngsters which we met at the meeting to join our presentation. Therefore there were some brand new youngsters, which we have never heard before. Overall there were 16 people at the presentation. We showed them photos from South Africa and told the overall story. In the end, we invited them for Yota 2019. Which naturally sparked interest in the youngsters and concerns in their parents, mainly about the cost of the event. We had the opportunity to discuss the financial issue directly and explain to them that most probably it will be held in Europe so the travelling costs are minimal and the entrance fee for the event is just a few Euros.


To keep a fresh connection with youngsters we approached during Holice, we had created FB group Hamsters CZ (HAM + Youngsters = Hamsters 😀 ). They can share their success in contests, they can ask about everything or find some new friends in HAM world.


During Yota December, we will organize weekend gathering where we will take part in the Yota activity. It will be two days and nights from 14.12. to 16.12.2018. We will hold it in Scouts clubhouse in Rychnov nad Kneznou which is approximately in the middle of the Czech Republic, so youngsters from different parts can easily come. As we want to build the community not only bring the youngsters to the radio, we will make various activities where youngsters can get to know each other. The plan is to make a campfire, trip to nature, play some board games… so we hope it’s not gonna be only radio weekend, but more like a weekend with friends, where we simply enjoy our free time. This event is also communicated on the HAMSTERS CZ so all the group members can meet each other in person. There are also two radio enthusiasts without the licence, who want to take a participation, so we hope to incorporate them into our group as fast as possible.

For the Czech team,

Martina OK2YLQ, Jan OK1JD, Jindra OK1NOR.


Train the Trainer report – Ethiopia – October 2018

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Train-The-Trainer  Report | October 2018 | EARS, ET3AA


Train the Trainer

The Ethiopian Amateur Radio Society (EARS), a member of International Amateur Radio Union (IARU) Region1, promote and help engineering students and radio enthusiasts to learn, experiment and develop their radio communication skills through its only club station ET3AA which is located in Addis Ababa University, Institute of Technology. Most of EARS members are engineering students who have great interest in radio communication and some of them have already been granted individual Amateur Radio License (both from the American Radio Relay League, ARRL and the Radio Society of Great Britain, RSGB) and region one HAREC certificate. As a member, students participate in many experiments related to radio such as modes of communication, propagation, antenna design, kit building and so forth.

This brief report is focused mainly on what has been doing since the last YOTA 2018 event. Since most of the participants are from the University and they are in their vacation time, not much has been covered in terms of the number of participants. But the activities are going to continue together with the coming short term and long term plans. Thus, a brief summary goes as follow.

Activities Done Since YOTA 2018

Experience sharing: Immediately after we returned home from the YOTA 2018, we have organized a small workshop at ET3AA club which is located in Addis Ababa University, Institute of Technology. This workshop is primarily focused on experience sharing from the YOTA 2018 participants to the members of Ethiopian Amateur Radio Society.

Kit building: As we have brought the RTL-SDR, QSX and WSPR kit we have built these kits with the youngsters which have not been participated on the YOTA 2018, and we have also been able to assemble the Yagi antenna and test the WSPR kit but we are on the half way on the QSX one, hopefully we will finish it within the coming weeks.

Preparing for CQ World Wide DX contest 2018: Since the CQ DX contest is the largest amateur radio competition in the world we are preparing to make more QSO’s and bring new youngsters to the competition. We have also a plan to bit our own record which is a total score of 814,674 points with a rank of 15th from the world and 3rd from Africa in 2016.

Training new members: We have organized a training session for the newly recruited and existing members starting from what amateur radio is to the operation rules and procedures both theoretically and practically.

Plans for the next two months

Recruiting new members: As the Ethiopian Amateur Radio only club station ET3AA is located in the technology institute of Addis Ababa University, within the next two months we have a plan to recruit engineering students which are radio enthusiasts to learn, experiment and develop their radio communication skill.

Train-The-Trainer Summary Report | October 2018 | EARS, ET3AA

Participating on December YOTA month and CQ World Wide DX contest: In this year CQ World Wide DX contest we planned to bring new youngsters and also invite staffs of the university from the communication engineering department and create awareness about amateur radio contests.

Organizing Workshops: we have also planned to organize a workshop that emphasize on creating awareness about amateur radio and motivate youngsters to join the society and participate on different amateur radio activities.

What are your long-term plans? In the next 6-12 months

Establishing new clubs: One of our long-term plans for this year is that to establish new amateur radio clubs in high schools as much as possible to increase the youth participation in amateur radio in our country and also encourage students to engage in different amateur related activities and projects at their early ages.

Organizing Training sessions: We have planned to equip new members with the necessary knowledge and skill through adequate regular training about amateur radio and operating rules and procedures.

Unfortunately, as in our country it is not allowed to have an individual call sign due to regulatory issues, and no one have not been licensed so far.

Thanks for reading!
The Ethiopian Amateur Radio Society (ET3AA)
October 2018

Train the Trainer report – Finland – October 2018

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We mentioned that Train the trainer workshop was a new thing at this year’s YOTA. Here in Finland the national youth board of SRAL, Nuorisotiimi, has been having an ongoing work for long time to understand and solve the issues with activating and engaging young people to amateur radio. Substantial things achieved so far are organizing the national amateur radio youth camp Polar in September and taking part in the international December YOTA Month DYM event at a weekend overnight event.

Nordics On The Air (NOTA), an event first envisioned years ago, became reality in spring 2017 when the first NOTA was held in Sweden. NOTA brought people from the Nordics together at YOTA too. An actual plan was devised when representatives from the Finnish and Swedish youth boards sat down to share ideas and plan mutual youth activities. Additionally an objective was set to try to get young people from other Nordic countries involved in NOTA. It was agreed on that a mutual gathering of Nordic youth boards or representatives will be held in Finland in the upcoming autumn with the focus of the meeting on establishing connections and making further plans.

We want to place an emphasis also on international activity as it has been identified as a thing that inspires young people. By planning things in contact with other countries, we want to learn and coordinate youth activities together. Anyway, as far as we know, only Finnish and Swedish national amateur radio leagues have functional youth boards. But we would like it to change and are working on it. While the change happens we want to welcome all Nordic youngsters to our youth activities!

Train the Trainer report – Germany – October 2018

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Report on youngster situation in DL
Current situation in the DARC:
Young members (aged 10 to 26): 1214 members, thereof 489 licensed Youngsters (aged 14 to 26): 1020 members, thereof 481 licensed Thereof we have in total 110 new young members entered this year.

First steps:
Focus on the huge amount of youngsters we already have. Analyzation of the current situation in a more detailed view: Who are they? Why did they enter the DARC? What motivated them/what fascinated them? How experienced with ham radio are they already? What to they expect? How lonely do they feel?
We asked for member statistics of our national amateur radio association (DARC).
Some sub regional clubs do a good job at recruiting youngsters.

Further steps:
Gathering of young active members to get to know one and another and create a network of young organizers for young people mainly using social media and gatherings.

Final steps:
Finding new youngsters and integrate them to the existing youth. How can you find new youngsters? What kind of advertisement works well? We will use the analysis of the statistics of your member data as well as the experience shared from the train-the trainer sessions held at the YOTA South Africa event.

Aim: Giving a young face to the german ham radio youth and show that indeed “Yes, there is youth in ham radio!”

Obstacles: How can you reach (the existing) youngsters successfully? Arising expenses?

Youth camp, youth network (-> youth group on social media), contact person for all youngster, promote YOTA/international youth activities, advertise ham radio as youth (newspaper, fairs/street festivals, internet/social media, TV/radio)


  •   staying in touch with PR teams and involve more youngsters -> shows that ham radiois young (and not just a grandpa hobby)
    → we already contacted with a DARC PR team to assist them in matters of youth recruitment
  •   Organizing a first DL youth camp: either a DL intern one to get to know German youngsters better or apply for a sub regional camp to use the effect of international character
    → we already established connections with members of DARC department for education/youth and training
  •   Creating a really committed (!) DL youth organization group (on social media)
    → we plan to do it after a camp and being based on people who know each other face to face. (Already existing social media groups of random people trying to initiate new recruitment failed due to poor characteristics of random social media contacts)


Editors: Claudia DC2CL and Simon DL3SPS